Soviet Union, 1974
leading human rights advocate
In the 1960s, Litvinov was an important human rights leader and advocate, and the editor of samizdat works, The Demonstration in Pushkin Square (1967) and The Trial of Four (1968). Before emigrating, he was exiled for five years for demonstrating in the Red Square against the invasion of Czechoslovakia. In the United States, he has remained active in human rights campaigns and teaches physics.